One of the most reliable ways to guarantee the safety and integrity of people on public roads is through the use of suitable floors and pavements. Offering people a safe space starts with choosing the right floor. Following standards indicated in accessibility manuals in urbanized public spaces.
Characteristics that a pavement for pedestrian use should have
The pavements of streets and sidewalks for public pedestrian use are not included in the requirements of slipperiness of the Technical Building Code. However, according to Order VIV / 2010, of February 1Article 11 specifies: "The pavement of the accessible pedestrian route will be hard, stable, non-slip in dry and wet conditions, without loose parts or elements, regardless of the construction system that, in any case, will prevent their movement". The characteristics of the pedestrian floor are summarized as follows:
- Have mechanical resistance conditions. In addition to offering aesthetics and being friendly to the environment.
- Offer adequate texture. This is:
- Microtexture (refers to the surface relief of ranges less than 1 mm; resolves the slipperiness of dry or wet pavement).
- Macrotexture (relief between 1-5 mm on the surface of the paving piece or as a result of the joint between pieces).
- In the case of the Accessible Pedestrian Route, a hard, compact and non-slip floor (dry or wet) is suggested. No reliefs or bevels on the surface.
- Use of different colors to configure the spaces and delimit them. This facilitates the understanding of the functional distribution of the space of the public highway. For this, a differentiating floor or pavement is used, with a texture and different color from the rest to identify other elements (vehicle exits, fords, risk zones, pedestrian crossing, etc.)
- Indicator touch-type pavements are used to route and guide. The groove type offer direction (pedestrian crossing, public transport stop). While the type buttons warn of the proximity to a dangerous situation (edge
Pedestrian land: purpose and accessibility
It must allow its use by anyone, even improving the quality of walking and favoring their autonomy, regardless of their abilities. The surface must be continuous and without projections, avoiding disaggregated elements that hinder the passage, or pieces or loose elements. In its placement and maintenance, its continuity and its absence of projections will be ensured. In the case of touch-visual pavements, they should serve as a reference for the orientation, warning and detection of certain elements.
Universal accessibility is understood as “the condition that environments, processes, goods, products and services must meet, as well as objects, instruments, tools and devices, to be understandable, usable and practicable by all people in safe and secure conditions. comfort and in the most autonomous and natural way possible. It presupposes the strategy of ‘universal design or design for all people’, and is understood without prejudice to the reasonable adjustments that must be adopted ”.
The type of flooring used is intended to facilitate people's autonomy and their safety when faced with the risk of a fall. In addition, they should offer comfort to old people or with any movement restriction or visual or intellectual disability. This is carried out through the use of textures and chromatic contrasts. The recommendation is to use continuous floors, without ridges, hard and stable and non-slip in dry and wet.
Pavement and pedestrian floor in Spain
In one of the sections of the document Accessibility in the urbanized public spaces of the Ministry of Housing indicates that tactile paving is generally suitable for signaling obstacles in the pedestrian route, as well as street furniture, corners, fords, slopes, ramps and stairs. Usage, materials, placement, joints, edge treatment, level changes, maintenance and strength must be considered.
The floors are not chosen only with aesthetic functionality, but mainly functional. This is due to the fact that the type of pavement determines the form and effectiveness of people's ambulation or rolling, in addition to fulfilling the function of orientation and understanding of the environment and also its rules of use.
Where to find a suitable floor to place in public spaces
The type of flooring used in public areas is essential to avoid accidents in the people who wander there, either on foot or using some special device. In Small Size we offer you porcelain floors that are perfect for large architectural and urban projects. They can also be used outdoors thanks to the fact that they maintain their aesthetic qualities, resist abrasion, are easily cleaned, are non-slip, resist changes in temperature, as well as breakage and bending.
And, as if that were not enough, Small Size porcelain floors are easily installed on any surface and have great beauty. They have a thickness of 20 mm and are ideal for spaces with high pedestrian traffic and high road traffic, in public spaces, industrial areas, public and urban works. Contact one of our experts to offer you more information about our types of porcelain floors for your personal itinerary.